Unidentified Black Man during the Civil War (Courtesy of the Library of Congress)

By refusing to concede, Trump betrays Lincoln and the Republican Party’s roots

  • in The Washington Post
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“Lighting Up the Path of Liberty and Justice”: Black Abolitionist Fourth of July Celebrations and the Promise of America from the Fugitive Slave Act to the Civil War”

  • in Journal of African American History
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The Fourth of July is a Black American Holiday

Trials of Freedom: African American Deserters during the U.S. Civil War

Mutiny in the Civil War

  • in Civil War Monitor
  • view article here